Value Chain-Based Producer/Farmers Organizations are key pillars to agricultural development as they address commodity specific issues and seek timely redress. Commodity associations are organizations that bring together a wide spectrum of interest groups related to a particular commodity or sector in a particular country, whether the commodity is for export, for the domestic market or for both. Such associations can draw membership from individual farmers or their associations (FAO, 2009). According to the World Bank, producer organizations are formal rural organizations whose members organized themselves with the objective of improving farm income through improved production, marketing, and local processing activities. They deal with: policies on issues such as pricing and export and import of agricultural products; improvement of agricultural production practices; access to inputs and services, including agricultural credit; marketing of agricultural production; and local processing of agricultural production and its marketing. Producer organizations are (or would like to be) structures for mediation between rural producers and others who act in their economic, institutional, and political environment. They are, as a result, “hybrid” structures in which two different types of logics and two “meaning systems” are involved (Word Bank, Agriculture Producer Organizations; 2001).
1.1 Kenya National Potato Farmers Association (KENAPOFA)
The Kenya National Potato Farmers Association (KENAPOFA) is the national organization of Irish potato farmers in the country. The association seeks to advocate for the enactment and implementation of farmers’ friendly policies, curb exploitation of smallholder farmers by middlemen and collectively procurement of farm inputs.
The association was formed with an aim of protecting potato farmers against exploitation in the potato value chain. Its mandate is to lobby and advocate for streamlining of the potato industry to competitive international levels. KENAPOFA envisions the consolidation of farmers’ gains via good agricultural practices to improve farmers’ livelihoods through collective marketing and enhanced bargaining power. Its mission seeks to ensure high quality services and products accessibility for both local and international markets while promoting cohesive interaction and ensuring free flow of information amongst members.
1.2 Cereal Growers Association (CGA)
Cereals Growers Association (CGA) is a national non-profit member-based farmer organization incorporated in August 1996. Its main purpose is to bring together commercial cereal farmers to promote collective action for the sustained improvement of their farming enterprises and in addressing industry challenges in Kenya.
The main reason for the formation of CGA was to provide a forum through which cereal farmers can advocate on issues that affect them.
1.3 Rice Growers Association of Kenya (RGAK)
The Rice Growers Association of Kenya (RGAK) was formed in 2010 under the initiative of the Ministry of Agriculture – Rice Promotion Division and KENFAP. The association seeks to bring together all the rice farmers in Kenya and provide a platform for active engagement with the government and other stakeholders. The association is registered under the Societies Act.
Rice is a significant grain in Kenya coming third after maize and wheat. The rice farmers association of Kenya (RFAK) was formed to bring together the rice growers in the country with a view to articulating issues that are an impediment to the growth and development of the sector at all the stages of the rice value chain. The association was formed to articulate the issues that affect the rice farmers including advocacy for enabling policy environment and to build the capacity of members in the rice product value chain. It also enables them to lobby the industry for better commodity prices.
1.4 Kenya Soya beans Farmers Association (KESOFA)
The Kenya Soya beans Farmers Association (KESOFA) is the national Soya bean Farmers organization. It was mainly formed to promote Soya beans growing in the country with a special emphasis on superior Soya bean varieties, marketing and value addition. Its strategy involves sensitization of farmers on the social, economic and environmental benefits of Soya growing enterprise, promotion of Soya beans production and value addition as well as marketing of Soya beans. The association is also involved in Soya beans seeds multiplication.
1.5 Kenya Millet and Sorghum Growers Association (KEMGA)
The Kenya millet and Sorghum Growers Association is the national association of both the Millet and Sorghum farmers in the country. The association envisions an economically empowered millet and sorghum farmers in Kenya. Its mission seeks to advocate for sustainable production and marketing of millet and sorghum.
The Kenya Millet and Sorghum Growers Association was formed with a view to bring together all the millet and sorghum farmers in Kenya in order to create an organized and structured production and marketing of the products. The association seeks to promote commercial production and marketing of Millet and Sorghum. It also seeks to advocate for farmer friendly sub-sector policy environment. The specific orientation of the association is cereals; specifically millet and sorghum. It is involved in the production and marketing stage within the commodity value chain. Membership to the association is low in comparison to the total number of the millet and sorghum growers in the country.
2.1 Fruit Tree Nursery Operators Association of Kenya (FTNOAK)
The Fruit Tree Operators Association of Kenya (FTNOAK) is the apex organization representing fruit tree nursery operators/farmers in Kenya. FTNOAK aims to improve the livelihoods of the members through the propagation and sale of high quality fruit tree planting materials to enhance production, household nutrition, incomes and environmental conservation.
FTNOAK helps farmers to access quality seedlings from accredited fruit tree nurseries and to promote fruit tree nursery operations as sustainable agri-business. FTNOAK deals with fruit tree seedlings by propagating and marketing.
2.2 Banana Growers Association of Kenya (BGAK)
Banana Growers Association of Kenya (BGAK) brings together the banana growers in the country with a view to enhancing their entrepreneurial capacities through economies of scale; improved planting materials and to champion for improved sub-sector policy environment.
The association was transformed to an apex association from the Highridge Banana Growers and Marketing Association (HBG&MA). Highridge Banana Growers and Marketing Association was established in 2003 through the initiative of the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-Biotech (ISAA), KARI and the Government through the Ministry of Agriculture.
The association offers members a platform to articulate their views to the government and the industry, collective marketing of produce, better pricing, investment in new technology, communication and information dissemination, disease control, value addition of produce and bulk procurement of farm inputs and access to technologies.
2.3 Kenya Mango Producers and Marketing Association (KEMPMA)
Kenya Mango Producers and Marketing Association (KEMPMA) is the national platform for the mango farmers in the country. The main aim of the organization is to improve the living standards of members by increasing production and productivity of mango fruits.
KEMPMA was formed to mainly address production and marketing constraints of the mango fruits. It is the voice of the mango farmers along the mango product value chain.
2.4 Avocado Growers Association of Kenya (AGAK)
Avocado Growers Association of Kenya (AGAK) brings together and promotes avocado growing and marketing in the country. It was formed to provide avocado farmers with a platform to address the issue affecting their enterprises. It seeks to produce quality and sufficient quantities for collective marketing in order to fetch better prices for the produce.
2.5 Macadamia Farmers Association of Kenya
Macadamia Farmers Association of Kenya (MFAK) is the apex macadamia farmers’ organization in the country. It was formed through the support of the Horticulture Crops Development Authority (HCDA) and the Kenya National Federation of Agricultural Producers (KENFAP). The organization was formed in a bid to organize and develop the macadamia nuts industry.
The association brings together macadamia farmers in Kenya with a view to address the various constraints facing them in production and marketing. The platform is critical in articulating the issues facing the sub-sector. The association promotes collective marketing of quality nuts and negotiates for better pricing.
2.6 Kenya Mushroom Growers Association (KEMGA)
The Kenya Mushroom Growers Association (KEMGA) promotes and develops mushroom growing and products development (value addition) in Kenya. It was formed to provide a platform for the mushroom farmers to develop mushroom enterprise into a viable value chain through production, collective marketing, provide market linkages and value addition.
3.1 Kenya Coffee Producers Association (KPCA)
Kenya Coffee Producers Association is a non-political, non-profit membership umbrella organization of coffee farmers in Kenya. It represents the interest of approximately 343,536 households of coffee farmers spread out in all the 31 coffee growing counties. It envisions an active and effective representative organization that voices the concerns of coffee producers in Kenya. Its mission is to represent the economic and social interests of coffee farmers through active participation in policy issues impacting on coffee sub-sector and enhance the capacity of members to address issues related to coffee production, processing and marketing for improved livelihoods of coffee producers.
3.2. Tea Producers Association of Kenya (TPAK)
Tea Producers Association of Kenya (TPAK) is the apex organization of small scale tea producers in the country. The small scale tea producers are faced by many bottle necks in the product value chain that has rendered the enterprise unprofitable. The association was formed to advocate for better farmer prices of tea leaves and build their capacity on their rights and business development.
3.3 Pyrethrum Growers Association of Kenya (PGAK)
Pyrethrum Growers Association of Kenya (PGAK) is the apex organization of pyrethrum farmers in Kenya. PGA aims and objectives seek to improve the policy environment with a bearing on pyrethrum issues in the country through targeted lobby and advocacy. The aim of the organization is to mobilize its members to jumpstart the once profitable industry, through production and marketing of pyrethrum and its products. Kenya used to be the world’s largest producer and exporter of pyrethrum and its extract - pyrethrin, producing about 70 per cent of the world consumption.
3.4 Kenya Cotton Growers Association (KCGA)
Kenya Cotton Growers Association (KCGA) is the national platform of cotton farmers in the country. KCGA provides an inclusive, participatory and consultative forum for cotton farmers in all matters pertaining to cotton farming and marketing. It provides a voice for the cotton farmers in furtherance of their interests by advising, lobbying and representation on matters of policy, legislation and financing.
3.5 Society for Biotechnology Farming Kenya (SBFK)
The Society for Biotechnology Farming Kenya is a platform that promotes cotton farming and marketing in the country. It seeks to bring together and build the capacity of the smallholder cotton producers with a view to improve on productivity and profitability through technology transfer and marketing. It provides a voice for its members in the subsector development.
3.6 Kenya Sugarcane Growers Association (KESGA)
The Kenya Sugarcane Growers Association (KESGA) is apex sugarcane growers’ organization established in 1982 to bring together sugarcane farmers in the country.
The association was formed to address the issues facing the sugarcane farmers’ in the sugarcane value chain. The issues range from poor prices of cane, high taxation, delayed payments, lack of credit facilities, transport problem and lack of welfare for sugarcane farmers. They needed to voice their problems collectively.3.7 Barley Growers Association of Kenya (BGAK)
The barley growers association is a democratic, non-political umbrella organization of barley farmers in Kenya. It was formed to bring together all the barley growers in the country. The association seeks to represent legitimate interests of barley growers with a view to enhancing their welfare.
Barley Growers Association of Kenya (BGAK) was formed with the main purpose of providing a voice for the barley farmers and assist members to easily obtain competitive prices for produce, quality farm inputs and modern technologies necessary for improving production. The association promotes information and communication among membership and networking with other stakeholders in the sub-sector.
4.1 Dairy Goats Association of Kenya (DGAK)
The Dairy Goats Association of Kenya was established in 1994 through the initiative of GTZ, to bring the dairy goat farmers together, to speak in one voice on common issues affecting them and to establish linkages with the government and the private sector industry players. It was formed to fight poverty and food insecurity on behalf of small scale farmers through increasing their capabilities and skills in dairy goat breeding, husbandry and marketing of the goats and their products. The association is involved in production of goat milk both for household nutrition and marketing as well as production and marketing of live dairy goats.
4.2 Kenya National Pig Farmers Association (KENPIFA)
The Kenya National Pig Farmers Association (KENPIFA) brings together and represents its members in the industry policy and legislative debate. It also empowers the pig farmers to undertake sustainable production, management and marketing of pigs for sustainable incomes. The association is specifically keen on addressing the sub-sector policy environment which is not conducive to the production and marketing of pigs in the country.
The association is involved in advocacy for enabling environment that would facilitate profitable pig farming. It is also engaged in the popularization of pig farming in the country, capacity building, collective action, bulk input procurement and collective selling of products.
4.3. Kenya Poultry Farmers’ Association (KEPOFA)
Kenya poultry farmers association (KEPOFA) is the apex organization of poultry farmers in the country. KEPOFA promotes, advances and seeks to protect the interests of those engaged in poultry farming by facilitating the representation of farmers and other stakeholders in articulating enabling policy environment and to promote sympathetic understanding of good feeling between all persons having interest in poultry and for this purpose, to afford facilities for discussion and the exchange of information and ideas. The Kenya Poultry Farmers Association was formed to address issues affecting the poultry production and the industry at large.
4.4 Kenya Livestock Producers Association (KLPA)
The Kenya Livestock Producers Association (KLPA) is the umbrella association for livestock keepers in Kenya. The aims and objectives of the association is to promote a prosperous and cohesive farming community in Kenya by representing, advocating for farmers’ interest and building their capacities towards improving rural livelihoods and alleviation of poverty in Kenya.
KLPA was formed to give representation to livestock farmers, provide registration for livestock and cater for the small-scale mixed farmers by articulating issues that affect them. It also facilitates members in marketing of products and to create strength in numbers so as to advocate for the issues affecting livestock farmers.
4.5 Kenya Livestock Marketing Council (KLMC)
The Kenya livestock marketing council (KLMC) is the umbrella organization for livestock (beef) marketing. It advocates for the interests and rights of the members on livestock matters in collaboration with other stake holders. It also seeks to promote livestock and livestock products marketing nationally and internationally and particularly in pastoral areas, in order to enhance and improve the economic well-being of pastoralists. KLMC was formed to promote livestock (beef) production, livestock marketing and advocacy.
4.6 Dairy Farmers and Marketing Association (DEMA)
Dairy Farmers and Marketing Association (DEMA) brings together dairy farmers and promotes production and marketing of dairy cows and cow milk in the country. The association was formed to help the dairy farmers address the challenges that affect them in the dairy farming value chain and marketing. The association focus is to articulate the views of the dairy farmers to the government and the sector players as well as build the capacity of members.
5.1 Kenya National Fisherfolk Association (KENAFA)
The Kenya National Fisherfolk Association (KENAFA) is the national association of the general fisherfolk in the country. The association seeks to bring together all the fisherfolk in the country with a view to address the challenges that they face in the sub-sector. It advocates for better prices of fish and fishing equipment, use of the appropriate fishing gear, mediates over disputes amongst members, helps in securing fish markets and seeks to reduce middlemen along the fish value chain. Its main objective is to improve the living condition of members by increasing production and productivity of fish.
5.2 Aquacultural Association of Kenya (AAK)
The Aquacultural Association of Kenya (AAK) is the national association of farmers who rear fish in fishponds and cages. The association seeks to promote aquaculture as business for profitable incomes and nutrition and food security. The association was formed to create a platform for the farmers practising fish farming in the country. The association seeks to promote aquaculture as a profitable enterprise through creating awareness on sustainable production and marketing practices. It was also formed to lobby the government for enabling sub-sector environment.
6.1 Women Farmers Association of Kenya (WoFaAK
The Women Farmers Association of Kenya (WoFaAK) is the umbrella organization of women farmers. The association provides the women farmers of Kenya with a platform to articulate issues affecting them in the agricultural value chains. The goal of WoFaAK is to address issues that impede women farmers from undertaking both profitable and sustainable agricultural enterprises with a view to improve their livelihoods. Agriculture; is largely undertaken by women particularly the production segment of the value chain. WoFaAK seeks to empower the women farmers to sustainably increase food and nutrition security, and incomes through the three pillars of entrepreneurship development (wealth creation), mentorship and capacity building. The objectives include; - mobilization, organization and capacity building to undertake profitable farm enterprises.
WFAK was founded following the realization that women interests in agriculture were often not taken into consideration in policy formulation and development despite of the critical role they play.
7.1 National Alliance of Community Forest Associations (NACOFA)
The National Alliance of Community Forest Associations (NACOFA) is a national platform that brings together all the established and registered Community Forest Associations (CFAs) in Kenya. The Community Forest Associations (CFAs) are either forest-station or ecosystem-based community based associations’ as provided for in the Forest legislation.
The alliance was formed to advocate for an enabling policy environment where the forest communities would equitably share both the responsibilities of managing and the benefits derived from - the resources of the forests with the government and other stakeholders. NACOFA coordinates the activities of the Community Forest Associations viz-a-viz forest conservation, trees planting and ecotourism. NACOFA also promotes sustainable extraction of timber and non-timber forest products and the development of forest based cottage industries.
7.2 Agroforestry Association of Kenya (AAK)
Agroforestry Association of Kenya (AAK) is a national umbrella platform that brings together farmers and their organizations promoting and practicing agroforestry. The primary clients of the organization are the farmers particularly the small scale producers. The platform also brings together professionals and value chain actors promoting the agroforestry science, extension and practice in the country. It partners with institutions/organizations whose objectives include advancing the course of Agroforestry in the country and around the world for effective Agroforestry value chains development. Agroforestry refers to the land-use systems and technologies where woody perennials are deliberately used on the same land-management units with agricultural crops and/or animals. In agroforestry systems there are both ecological and economic interactions between the different components.
7.3 APICULTURE ASSOCIATION OF KENYA (AAK)
Apiculture association of Kenya (AAK) is a national organization of bee keepers in Kenya. It aims to improve bee keeping through value addition and to make it a business for their farmers. The association promotes apiculture through mobilization and organization of bee keepers, seeks for better markets for honey, and promotes modern production methods.